Complete list of Antioxidants in food
Vitamin A, also known as retinol is synthesized inside our body. They protect vegetables which are dark green, orange and yellow in color, from solar radiation. In the human body this particular vitamin plays a similar role. Carrots, squash, broccoli, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, mangoes, oranges, sea buckthorn, kale, cantaloupe and peaches are particularly rich in beta carotene.
Vitamin C is water soluble and mixes well with it. It is basically ascorbic acid. Ascorbic acid fulfills a number of major roles in our body.
It is generally found in Citrus fruits like sweet line and oranges. Broccoli, strawberries, black currants, tomatoes and raw cabbage are good sources of Vitamin C or ascorbic acid.
Vitamin E contains tocopherol and tocotrienol, both are fat soluble and protect lipids. There are various sources of vitamin E in the likes of seabuckthorn, wheat germ, seeds, nuts, whole grains, kiwifruit, and fresh-liver oil. The main form in which Alpha tocopherol is consumed is Vitamin E. In recent times various studies have been conducted which would show that tocotrienol have anti-oxidant like properties
Manganese, particularly in the state where it has +2 valence states
Astaxanthin- Found red algae,salmon fish and crustaceous shelled creatures (red colored pigment).
Beta-carotene- found in food items like sweet potatoes, pumpkins, orange bell peppers, carrot and butternut squash
Lutein-it is found in spinach, kiwi fruit and peanuts.
Lycopene- Found in high concentration in watermelons and red tomatoes.
Zeaxanthin- it is a pigment which is found in yellow corn; some amounts are also found in kiwi fruit.
Flavonoids are a subset of the particular antioxidant known as polyphenol antioxidants. It is present in many coffee, tea and berries.
Flavnols: Isorhamnetin, Kaempferol, Myricetin (found in walnuts),salmon fish and crustaceous shelled creatures, Proanthocyanadin, Quercetin
Flavanones: Eriodictyol, Hesperetinm,(hesperidin),Naringenin
Isoflavone phytoestrogens – Found in peanuts, soy.
Resveratrol – It is found in the skin of dark colored grapes, ( & concentrated in red wine).
Pterostilbene – found in Vaccinium berries
Chicoric acid – another caffeine acid derivative, found in Echinacea
Chlorogenic acid –is found in higher concentrations in coffee, blueberries and tomatoes. Produced from esterification of caffeic acid.
Cinnamic acid and its derivatives, such as ferulic acid – found in seeds of plants such as in whole wheat, brown rice as well as in apple, coffee, artichoke, peanut, pineapple and orange.
Ellagic acid – found in high concentration in raspberry and strawberry, and in ester form in red wine tannins.
Gallic acid – found in tea leave, gallnuts, witch hazel, sumacs, oak bark…
Rosmarinic acid – found in lemon balm,rosemary, oregano,sage and marjoram.
Salicylic acid – found in most vegetables, fruits, and herbs; but most abundantly in the bark of willow trees, from where it was extracted for use in the early manufacture of aspirin.
Flavonolignans – e.g. silymarin -is a mixture of flavonolignans which can be extracted from milk thistle.
Xanthones – mangos teen is supposed to contain a large variety of xanthones, but some of the xanthones like mangostin might be present only in the inedible shell.